‘Bor’ is a Wildlife Sanctuary as well as a Tiger Reserve located in Wardha district of Maharashtra. It is spread over an area of 138.12 sq. km.
Bor Tiger reserve is also the smallest tiger reserve of India. The drainage basin of the nearby located Bor Dam falls within the reserve area.
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, or as it is popularly known, Bor Tiger Reserve lies in midst of many other tiger reserves popular for their resident Bengal Tigers.
Towards the North-east lies the Pench Tiger Reserve, towards the east is Nagzira Navegaon Tiger Reserve, to the South-east is Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. The Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is located to the South-east, Melghat Tiger Reserve stands to the west while Satpura Tiger Reserve lies to the North-west of the Sanctuary.
Together they form a huge protected horizon of bustling and prospering wildlife diversity.
Inside the Bor Tiger Reserve lies a huge water reservoir called as the Bor Reservoir.
It divides the Sanctuary into two sections, namely the Western and the Eastern part.
The Western part is in the Wardha district while the Eastern section lies in the Nagpur district of Maharashtra.
Although the reservoir isn’t calculated in the Reserve area, it acts as a special demarcation in the Sanctuary.
The Sanctuary has a Core Zone of 115.92 sq. km. This is the most protected and inaccessible part of the Reserve since public access is prohibited. This accounts for more than 95% of the total Reserve area.
The surrounding Buffer Zone is relatively less protected which acts as a defensive barrier for the core zone.
The specially created Eco-Tourism Zone is spread in 5.21 sq. km and serves the purpose of nature exploration and wildlife tourism.
Flora and Fauna – Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
Green Cover: The Sanctuary area is populated by Dry Deciduous forest type. Teak, tendu, bamboo, tarot, gokhru are some of the abundant species.
Mammals: Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Sambar, Chital, Monkey, Indian bison are some of the mammal species living here.
The Reserve is famous among tourists for its Bengal Tigers. According to Wildlife Institute of India, there were 12 tigers in and around Bor sanctuary prior to 2011. The number has since gone up to 15.
Avifauna: Around 160 bird species flutter and fly in the Bor skies. They come from 46 families of 16 different orders. This also includes 10 migratory bird species and 9 species of endangered birds.
Reptiles: Bor Tiger Reserve plays host to 26 reptile species including 6 endangered ones. The endangered species are Indian cobra, Chequered keelback, Russel’s viper, Indian rat snake, Indian rock python and monitor lizard.
Reaching Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
By Air: Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Nagpur is closest to Bor Tiger Reserve. It is 80 km away from the sanctuary.
By Railways: The nearest railhead, Wardha, is about 35 km away.
By Road: The Hingni bus stand is at merely 5 km from the sanctuary. Buses arrive from and depart to Bor Wildlife Sanctuary frequently here.
To reach the Sanctuary, one must go ahead on the Wardha-Nagpur road through MSH3 and turn North at Seloo for Hingni. From Hingni you can directly reach the visitor centre at Bor Dam.
If you plan to visit Bor anytime soon, please keep in mind that it remains closed on Mondays. April and May are the best months to visit here.