What is a National Park?
A National Park is the park used for the conservation purpose. It preserves biodiversity and also helps in protecting the endangered species. It is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for recreation and protection.
In India, National Parks are designated and maintained by state governments. Human activities such as grazing and settlement inside such a park are not allowed. Which activities are allowed then? Only those that the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state, in consideration of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, permits.
An area may be declared a National Park for any of the following attributes of importance:
- Geo-morphological, or
India has more than 100 National Parks covering more than 50,000 sq km of area. These National Parks of India make India one of the favorable
Below is the list of all the National Parks of India (in alphabetical order)
Anamudi Shola National Park
Declared as a National Park in 2003, Anamudi Shola National Park is a small park spread in 7.5 Sq Km of an area. It is located in the Western Ghat region of State of Kerala.
Anamudi Shola National Park is under consideration for UNESCO Heritage Site of India by UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
Surrounded by Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Pambadum Shola National Park, Mathikettan Shola National Park, and Eravikulam National Park the best time to visit Anamudi Shola National Park is between October to April.
Anshi National Park / Kali Tiger Reserve
Named as Kali Tiger Reserve in Dec. 2015 the national park is located in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. It is spread in the area of 1300 Sq. Km covered in dense forest.
The park adjoins the Dandeli wildlife sanctuary, therefore both of them were declared as ‘Anshi Dandeli Tiger Reserve’ in January 2007.
It is a natural habitat for the species like Royal Bengal Tigers, Deer, Wild boars, Black Panthers etc
The best time to visit Anshi National Park is from October to May.
Balphakram National Park
Balphakram National Park is located near Garo Hills region in the North East state Meghalaya of India.
The park is located at 3000 ft. above the sea level which makes this park more beautiful.
It is also known as ‘Land of Spirits’ and ‘Adobe of perpetual winds’.
The park is home to wide range of flora and fauna, and attracts a lots of tourist and nature lovers through out the year.
The park consists of tropical vegetation, which is perfect for Elephant, Deer, and the main attraction Golden cat and the Barking deer.
Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh is one of the most popular National Park, located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh.
It has a Core area of 105 sq km and a Buffer area of approximately 400 sq km.
The National Park is famous for Royal Bengal Tigers, Leopards and many other wild animals. Getting the glimpse of these majestic creatures is simply incredible.
The Park has been the abode of White Tigers in the past and Royal Bengal Tigers.is the major point of attraction in the park.
Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa captured the first White Tiger here and named him Mohan, which is now stuffed and on display in the palace of Rewa.
With 22 Royal Bengal Tigers at the park, Bandhavgarh National Park is said that the density of the Tiger population here is the highest known in India.
Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park is located in the state of Karnataka, Bandipur Tiger Reserve is one of the premier Tiger Reserves in the country,
It is spread in the area of 874 sq.km.
The park is located at a place where the Deccan plateau joins the Western Ghats.
The park’s altitude ranges from 680 mt to 1,454 mt. It has a sizable number of around 80 Royal Bengal Tigers.
Other species found here are sambhar, chital, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild boar, jackal, sloth bear, panther, porcupines, and the black-knapped hare.
The park has a special place in India’s efforts towards Eco-conservation.
Bannerghatta National Park
Just 22 km away from Bangalore, this 260.51 sq km national park consists of scrubland and dense forest. Established in 1978, the park is home to wild animals such as the Royal Bengal tiger, lion, bison, leopard, wild boar etc.
The park is a popular tourist destination with a safari park, a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue center, an aquarium, a butterfly enclosure, and a snake house.
Betla National Park
Betla National Park is located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the Palamu district of Jharkhand, the National Park covers the area of 1026 sq.km.
It was the first national park in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger.
You can spot mammals like Elephant, Panther, Leopard, Wild Boar, Tiger, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Chital, Mouse Deer etc. and Birds like Cotton teal, Quail and Wagtails.
Best time to visit Betla National Park and experience the beauty is October to April.
Bhitarkanika National Park
Declared as National Park in 1988, it is spread in the area of 145 sq.km. The national park is situated in the north-east region of Kendrapara, Odisha.
The name of the National park “Bhitarkanika”, means “Extraordinarily Beautiful” The spectacular wildlife, birds, and vegetation justifies the name of the park.
It is home to the saltwater crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild boar, rhesus monkey.
Perfect time to visit Bhitarkanika National Park and feel the beauty of the park is from October to March.
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
A beautiful national park located in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat is spread up to the area of 34.08 sq.km.
Established in 1976, this national park has the largest population of Blackbuck.
The two rivers Parvalia and Alang flows parallel to the national park making it perfect for the
Flora and Fauna.
Buxa Tiger Reserve
Spread in the area of 760 sq.km and with a core area of 315 sq. km, the Park is located in Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal, India.
The tiger and the elephant are prime species found in the reserve. It is 15th tiger reserve of India.
The Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera Tigris) is the apex species of Buxa. Fishing Cat, Leopard Panthera Pardus, Leopard Cat Felis bengalensis, and jungle cat are some of the other carnivores animals.
Campbell Bay National Park
Declared as National Park in 1992, Campbell Bay National Park is situated on the islands of Nicobar.
Spread in the area of 426 sq.km. The national park is home to Nicobar pigeon, Giant robber crab, Megopode and Crab eating macaque. A great place to watch the birds, the national park is very rich in wildlife.
Best time to visit Campbell Bay National Park is from October to March.
Chandoli National Park
A natural world heritage site declared as National Park in the year of 2004. Covering the area of 317.67 sq.km. The park is located in Kolhapur and Sangli District, Maharashtra. The National park is home to Bengal Tigers, Deer, Leopard, Cat, Panthers etc.
Best time to visit Chandoli National Park is October to February.
Clouded Leopard National Park
Established in the year 2007, the area of the park is 5.08 sq.km. One can enjoy sightseeing sights like Botanical garden, Lake, Zoo etc.
The park is in the Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary Tripura, India. One can enjoy seeing Mammals like Leopard, Jungle fowl, Barking deer, Clouded leopard, and Wild pigs and Birds like Whistling teal, Open billed stork, White ibis can also be found in the park
Dachigam National Park
Situated in the beautiful state of Kashmir, the national park is spread over the area of 140 sq.km. It was declared as National Park in 1981.
A beautiful home to the elusive snow leopard, marten, ibex, musk deer etc. The main attraction point of this national park is Kashmir stag.
Best time to visit Dachigam national park is from May to November. As during, winter the temperature drops to -10 Celsius.
Desert National Park
This is one of the largest national park, situated in the Desert state of India, Rajasthan with an area of over 3162 sq. km. The park’s star attraction is the Great Indian Bustard and a large bird with a height of 1.2 m. Other animals like sand grouse, several species of falcon and vulture, desert fox, and chinkara are also found here.
This Desert protected sanctuary is an excellent example of the desert ecosystem.
In 1980, It was declared as a National park
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Situated in the district of Assam and also designated as Biosphere reserve, the national park covers an area of 795 sq.km. It is home to some beautiful endangered birds like White-bellied Heron, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and Swamp Partridge etc.
This is one of the few national parks, which can be explored only via trekking; there are no jungle or jeep or elephant safaris available.
Dudhwa National Park
Located at the Indo-Nepal border, this national park is situated in Uttar Pradesh. It is separated by Kishanpur wildlife sanctuary with a 15 km agricultural land.
Spread over an area of 811 sq.km. the national park attracts many visitors because of its varied topography. One can spot dense forests, mosaic grasslands, and muddy marshes.
In wildlife, it is home to 38 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles with Swamp Deer and Tigers species being the attraction point.
The best time to visit Dudhwa is from February to April.
Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park, Another UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Kerala. Spread in the area of 97 sq.km.
The park is home to around 26 endangered species of Mammals like Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard, and tiger etc.
The National park is officially closed from February to March.
Galathea National Park
Galathea National Park: Declared as a National park in 1992, Galathea Park is located in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Covering an area of 110 sq.km. The park is home to many unique and rare species like Giant robber crab, Megapode and Nicobar pigeon etc.
Best time to visit the park is from October to April
Gangotri National Park
Gangotri National Park: Situated in the lap of mountains, Uttarakhand. This National park was established in 1989 covering an area of 2390 sq.km. It is home to Blue sheep, Black bear, Brown bear, Himalayan Thar, Musk deer Tiger, Snow leopard etc.
Gir Forest National Park
Also known as Sasan Gir, it is the royal kingdom of the Asiatic Lions. Established in Gujarat, in 1965. It covers a total area of 1412 sq.km of which 1153 sq.km is the wildlife sanctuary.
Earlier the park was used for hunting by Britishers, slowly in 1899 the number of Lions decreased. Then, Lord Curzon, who was invited for hunting in Gir, cancelled his trip and advised the residents of the area to save the remaining lions.
It covers four districts in total (Junagadh, Somnath, Amreli, and Bhavnagar), and there are 109 males, 201 females and 213 young/cubs in these four districts.
Other carnivores in Gir National Park are Indian Leopards, Jungle cats, Indian Cobras, Sloth bears, Striped Hyenas, Golden Jackals, Indian Palm Civets, Indian Mongoose, and Ratels.
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara is situated in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal and is well known for its Indian Rhinoceros population.
It was declared as a protected area in 2009 and the park is very close to the Jaldapara National Park and Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary.
Spread across 80 sq.km., Originally the park was only about 7 sq.km. which was later merged with the land around the park.
The ideal time to visit Gorumara is between November to April
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park
Named after a freedom fighter and originally a wildlife sanctuary which was later converted to a National Park, Govind Pashu Vihar is located in the Uttarkashi district of Uttrakhand, India.
Har-ki-dun is one of the prime locations to spot wildflowers in the park and it is also one of the major attraction inside the park. Har-ki-dun is also called as the valley of wildflowers.
There are around 150 species of birds and more than 15 species of mammals found in Govind Pashu Vihar Park.
Best time to visit the park is between May and October
Great Himalayan National Park
Located in the Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh, the park was established in 1984 with an area of 1171 sq.km. The park has more than 375 fauna species, including approximately 31 mammals, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 181 birds, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects.
It took twenty years from inception to inauguration for the park to be realized as part of the Indian national park system.
Gugamal National Park
Gugamal National Park is a part of Melghat Tiger Reserve and it is located in Amravati district of Maharashtra, India. It is spread in more than 1600 sq.km.
The park is rich in the medicinal plants.
Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jackal, Sambar, Dhole, Nilgai, Boar, Langoor, Marcus are some of the wildlife one can spot here. The park is also home to more than 25 species of butterflies.
Guindy National Park
Guindy is one of the smallest national parks in India spread only in an area of 2.7 sq.km.
It is home to blackbucks, spotted deer, various species of snakes, butterflies and tortoise. The park is also home to more than 150 species of birds.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Located in the Ramanathapuram & Tuticorin districts in Tamil Nadu and covered an area of 6.23 Km sq.
The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is the first marine Biosphere Reserve in India and was declared as National Park in the year 1980.
Earlier the national park was known as Pamban to Tuticorin barrier reef. It has been recorded over 117 species of hard coral.
The best time to visit the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is between October to March.
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park
The Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park is situated in the Koriya district of Chhattisgarh, spread over an area of 1440.71 km sq.
Declared as National Park in the year 1981 and it was the result of the division of Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh in the year 2000.
About 60 percent of the area is situated in Chhattisgarh and renamed as Guru Ghasidas National Park by the government of Chhattisgarh.
The best time to visit the Park is between the months of November to May.
Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park is also called the Snow Leopard Capital of India, as it is believed to have the highest density of Leopard in the world.
It was named after the famous monastery of Ladakh Hemis Gompa.
The area of the park is 4400 sq.km. and is situated at an altitudinal range of 3,300 to 6,000 meter.
There are around 30 species of avifauna and 11 species of fauna found in the park with 200 snow leopards.
Tibetan Wolf, the Red Fox and the Eurasian Brown Bear are also found in this National Park.
Inderkilla National Park
Located in Himachal Pradesh, Inderkilla National Park was established in the year 2010.
The total area of Interkilla National Park is around 104 sq km.
Indra Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
The Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, situated in the Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The Park covered an area of 117.10 Sq Km of Wildlife Sanctuary.
Earlier it was Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, which renamed in 1987 as Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary.
Best time to visit at the National Park is between December to April.
Indravati National Park
Indravati National Park is located in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh and the total area of the park is about 2799.08 km sq. the other name of the park is Kutru National Park.
It was declared as the National Park in the year 1981 and in 1983 it was declared as the Tiger Reserve as well.
The topography mainly consists of undulating hilly land with an altitude ranging between 177 to 599 m above the sea level.
Best time to visit this Park is between December to June.
Jaldapara National Park
Situated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas along with the bank of Torsa River The Jaldapara National Park is a national park in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal and is also known as Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary.
Park was discovered in 2014 and is spread over an area of 216.51 km sq. It comprised of the dense trees that rise up to the skies and allows very little sunlight to penetrate through.
The best time to visit this park is between October to March.
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is one of the oldest national parks in India lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand and it was established in 1936.
This national park is famous to protect the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger. It is the park honoured as the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973.
Spread over 520 sq. km. It comprises of hills, marshy depressions, riverine belts, grasslands, and a large lake.
Jim Corbett is home to around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile Species.
Kalesar National Park
The Kalesar National Park is situated in the foothills of Shivalik ranges of the Himalayas in the Yamuna Nagar district of Haryana.
The total area of the national park is about 5 46.82 km sq. and it is famous for bird watching along with the home to the red jungle fowl and other birds.
It was declared as the Wildlife Sanctuary on 1996 and later in 2003, it was categorized under the National park.
The Best time to visit here is between October to March.
Kanha National Park
Another National Park in MP covering two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Kanha National Park is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh, covering an area of over 1,940-sq-km.
The park is home to a major population of Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Indian wild dog, and Barasingha.
It is one of the most picturesque wildlife reserves in Asia. It is famous for its diversification in nature being home to more than 200 species of flowering plants and over 70 species of trees.
Kanger Ghati National Park
Famous for its biodiversity and the picturesque landscape, the Kanger Ghati National Park is located in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh near Jagdalpur. It is also known as Kanger Valley National Park.
In 1982, the Kanger Ghati is declared as the national park and it is spread in the area of 200 km sq. The park is sited on the banks of the Khola River at a distance of about 27 km from Jagadalpur.
The best time to visit this park is from November to June.
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
The Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park is situated in the Jubilee hills of the Hyderabad in Andra Pradesh now moved to Telangana. The Park covered the area of about 1.425 km sq.
In 1998 the park got approval from the central government to be declared as the National Park.
The park consists of 600 species of plants, 130 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles, 15 species of mammals and various invertebrates.
Best time to visit the national park is between July to September and November to February.
Kaziranga National Park
This National Park located in Assam is famous for One-Horned Rhinoceros. Spread in the area of 430 sq.km., You may find Hoolock Gibbon, Tiger, Leopard, Indian Elephant, Sloth Bear, Wild water buffalo, swamp deer, etc. in the national park.
Kaziranga National Park is the home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world. It was formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon (the wife of Lord Curzon).
Keibul Lamjao National Park
Keibul Lamjao National Park is home to the endangered species of deer, located in the Bishnupur district of Manipur. The total area of the park is about 40 km sq.
To protect the endangered species of Brow-antlered Deer – Shangai, the park was initially discovered as the Sanctuary in 1966
This species of deer was discovered in the year 1839 but 1951 is was reported as extinct. Later, again it rediscovered and due to this reason from 1977, the park was declared as the National Park.
The best months to visit this national park is between October to April.
Keoladeo National Park
It was formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. It is located in Rajasthan. The park is not very vast in the area, just 29 sq.km.
You can spot mammals here like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyaena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck, and wild Boar.
The sanctuary/national park is one of the richest bird areas in the world, with 366 bird species.
You can spot exotic birds like Painted Stork, Great egret, Eurasian spoonbill, warblers, babblers, bee-eaters, bulbuls, buntings, chats etc.
It is also called as Ghana National Park since ‘Ghana’ means dense which refers to the thick forest that covers the whole Bharatpur area.
Khangchendzonga National Park
A National Park and a Biosphere Reserve located in Sikkim, India. It is also known as Kanchenjunga National Park.
The park gets its name from the mountain Kangchenjunga (the third-highest peak in the world). The total area of the park is 849.5 sq. km.
In 1977, it was declared as National Park. You can find Himalayan Tahr, Snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Tibetan antelope, wild ass, barking deer, flying squirrel and the red panda in the park.
Khirganga National Park
Khirganga National park is located in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, that established as the national park in 2010. It covered a total area of 710 km sq.
The National Wildlife Board and the state board have decided to merge the Khir Ganga National Park with the great Himalayan National Park, as it adjoins to the northern boundary the Great Himalayan National park.
Kishtwar National Park
The Kishtwar National Park is basically made to protect the endangered species of the snow leopards. It is situated in the Kishtwar in Jammu and Kashmir.
The total area of the park is about 425 km sq. and in the year 1981, it was declared as the national park.
The Kishtwar National Park is well known for its unique and rich wildlife as well as bird species. The flora of the park comprises of coniferous, alpine, meadows and scrub forest.
The best time to visit the national park is between March to October.
Kudremukh National Park
The Ludremukh National Park lies in the Western Ghats of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chikmagalur districts of Karnataka.
The total area of the park is about 600.32 km sq.
It named as Reserved Forest since1916 and declared as the National Park in the year 1987.
The park is surrounded by the Coffee and tea plantations on the northern and eastern boundaries making it a picturesque landscape.
The best time to visit this park is between October to May.
Kuno National Park
The youngest national park in India, Kuno National Park is declared in 2018 has an area of approx 345 sq km.
The Park shares its area in Sheopur and Morena Districts of Madhya Pradesh.
Madhav National Park
The Madhav National Park is one of the beautiful national park located in the Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh.
It was initially the shooting reserve of the Maharaja of Gwalior.
This park is the witnessed a lot of royal movements starting from the Akbar’s time.
The park was declared as the national park in the year 1959. The total area of the park is over 375.22 km sq.
Also, the park attracts several tourists with its unique surroundings which include lakes, dense woodlands, and castles.
The best time to visit this park is between the months of November to May.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National park is the national park which is situated on the South Western coast of South Andaman in Andaman and Nicobar islands.
Established in the year 1983 as the National Park, whose total area is about 281.50 km sq.
The primary objective of this national park was to protect the sea turtle, marine lives and the beautiful corals.
On the other hand, the landscape of the park is dotted with 15 rocky islands and is covered with tropical forest.
The best time to visit the national park is between November to February.
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Mahavir Harina National Park is the wonderful park with several species of flora and fauna and this park is the home to the Blackbuck. Located at the Vanasthalipuram on the border of Hyderabad.
It was officially declared as the national park in the year 1994. the park covered the area of about 14.59 km sq.
This park is famous for its endangered Blackbucks and the estimated value of deer in the national park is about 400.
There is no specific time to visit this park as it is open all days except Mondays.
Manas National Park
A National park, A Project Tiger, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam. Manas National Park is famous for its Wild Water Buffalo.
It came under Project Tiger in 1973. It extends over an Area of 2837 sq. km, with a core area of 500 sq.km.
Manas National Park is home to 60 Royal Bengal Tigers. Other endangered but rare species are- Assam Roofed Turtle, Golden Langur, and Pygmy Hog.
There are more than 650 species of Angiosperms alone. The commonly seen trees are the Sissoo, Simul, Oxi, Khaie, Gamari, etc.
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is located in the Mandla district in Madhya Pradesh. It was declared a national park in the year 1983 and the total area of the park is about 0.27 km sq.
The existence of ancient fossil in this national park that is between 40 millions and 150 million years ago.
The park is opened for the visitors every time but the best time to visit is between October to February.
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
Situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kutch, the park is spread it in the area of 270 sq. km. Established in 1980, It is India’s first Marine Wildlife Sanctuary and first Marine National Park.
You can find 70 species of sponges and 52 species of coral including 44 species of hard coral and 10 species of soft coral.
The park gives us a chance to observe the richest diversity of marine habitats in the country, including saline grasslands, mudflats, creeks, estuaries, marshy areas, rocky shores, sandy strands, coral reefs, and mangroves.
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Mathikettan Shola National Park is located between the reserve forest such as Eravikulam National Park and Pampadam Shola National Parkin the Idukki district of Kerala.
Establish as the national park in the year 2003 and its total area is about 12.82 km sq. This park was the part of the Cardamom Hill Reserve region and It is the home to beautiful and rare animals and birds.
The best time to visit the park is between April to September.
Middle Button Island National Park
Middle Button Island National Park has beautiful marine wildlife, located in the Andaman of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was declared as the National Park and has a total area of about 0.44 km sq.
This island park is covered by deciduous forests and is a home for different species of plants, trees, birds and wild animals, etc.
Although the park is open for visitors throughout the year, the best time to visit the park is between January to March.
Mollem National Park
Mollem National Park is a part of Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) Wildlife Sanctuary, situated on the eastern boundary of Goa. The Park is located near Mollem in Panaji district.
Earlier the park was recognized as the Mollem Game Sanctuary, then in 1969 was declared as the wildlife sanctuary as Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and later in the year 1978, it was added in the category of National Park, known as the Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National Park. The total area of the national park is 107 square km.
The best time to visit this park is from November to March.
Mouling National Park
Situated in the Upper Siang in Arunachal Pradesh, the Mouling National Park is a beautiful place to visit. It was declared as the national park in the year 1986 and its total area comprised about 483 sq. km.
The park’s landscape is categorized under semi-green type because it is surrounded by the forested mountains that actually add a picturesque landscape.
The wildlife lovers may visit the Mouling National Park from November to April.
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Aravali Ranges which is one of the oldest mountain ranges of India.
It ranges from 984 to 5650ft. at Guru Shikhar, the highest peak in Rajasthan. It was declared as the wildlife sanctuary in the year 1980 and its total area is over 288 square km.
Moreover, the sanctuary is basically a part of the Kathiawar – Gir dry deciduous forest region.
Mount Harriet National Park
The Mount Harriet national park is the national park located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This place is also shown on the reverse side of 20 rupee notes.
The total area of the Mount Harriet National Park is about 46.62 which extended to cover more area of 1700 he that adjoins mountain ranges and marine ecosystem on the eastern coast.
The best time to visit this national park is from January to March.
Mrugavani National Park
Mrugavni National park is in Hyderabad district of Telangana and this was officially declared as the national park in the year 1978. The total area of the park is around 3.60 km2 and it is home to over 600 species of plants and animals.
There are dry deciduous forests in the Southern tropical region of the park and the landscape shows the rocky side of the formation of the Deccan trap.
Visitors can visit at any time of the year except Mondays.
Mudumalai National Park
A national park, a tiger reserve, and wildlife sanctuary, this 3-in-1 Mudumalai National Park is located in the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills.
The sanctuary is divided into five ranges – Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Masinagudi, Kargudi, and Nellakota. Spread over 321sq.km., it is home to at least 266 species of birds, 48 tigers, 50 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles and 55 species of mammals.
Mukundra Hills National Park
The other name of the Mukundra Hills National Park is Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary situated in the southern outline of Kota, Rajasthan. It was declared as a National Park in 2004 and its total area is around 200 square kilometre.
The park is open for the visitors throughout the year, but the best visit time is between February to May.
Mukurthi National Park
Mukurthi National Park is located in the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu and it was earlier known as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.
The park was declared as the national park in 1990 and the whole area of the park is about 78.46 square kilometre.
Additionally, the Mukurti National Park is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which is India’s first International Biosphere Reserve.
On 1 July 2012, it was declared as the World Heritage Site of India by UNESCO.
The Park lies between the Mudumalai and the Silent Valley National Park.
Although the park is open all days of a year, the Best time to visit the park from February to May and September to November.
Murlen National Park
Located in Champhai district of Mizoram, Murlen National Park was established in 1991.
Spread in the area of across 200 sq km, Murlen has more than 150 species of birds and around 15 species of mammals residing in the park.
Nagarhole National Park
Also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park, it is spread at 247 square-mile long wild reserves located in Mysore and Kodagu district of Karnataka.
Along with Bandipur National Park, It is one of India’s premier Tiger Reserves.
Before 1955, when it became a National Park, it was a hunting reserve for the kings of Wodeyar dynasty.
The park derives its name from naga, meaning snake and hole, referring to streams. You can find many endangered species like tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole or Cuonalpinus), sloth bear and the hyena.
Namdapha National Park
Namdapha National park is located in the Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh and it is the third largest national park in India based on area. In 1972, it was established as a wildlife Sanctuary and was declared as tiger reserve as well as National Park in the year 1983.
The park covers the area about 1807.82 square kilometres. Around 96 species of mammals are found here and from which 29 species are listed in Schedule I.
The best time to visit this national park is from November and March.
Nameri National Park
The Nameri National Park is situated in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur district of Assam. The total area of the park covers about 137 sq. km.
It was declared as the Reserve Forest in the year 1978 and in 1985 is was affirmed as Wildlife Sanctuary, whereas later in the year 1998, it was officially declared as the National Park of India.
The best time to explore the Nameri National Park is from November to May.
Nanda Devi National Park
This National Park is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand and is situated around the Nanda Devi peak, it is a part of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve as well.
In the year 1982, it was initially declared as the national park and the Valley of Flowers National Park were recognized as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1988. The total area covered by the park is about 624.60 sq.km.
Later in 2004, the park was notified as the World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO and more than 5000 sq. km area of the park is protected by a buffer zone.
Best time to visit the park is between the months of April to October and June to August.
Navegaon National Park
It is located in the Bhandara, Maharashtra and was declared as the national park in the year 1975, has the total area about 133.88 square Kilometers.
The Navegaon National Park is the home to almost 60% of the bird species that found in entire Maharashtra.
This park also witnessed a flock of beautiful migratory birds that visit the lake every winter.
The perfect time to visit the Navegaon National Park is in the months of April to May for wildlife lovers and for bird watching can visit the park from October to June.
Neora Valley National Park
Neora Valley National Park is located in the district Darjeeling of West Bengal. The park was confirmed as the national park in the year 1986 and it covers the total area of about 159.89 sq.km.
The park gets its name from the River Neora that flow through it and the whole forest is covered by the mountain streams. Additionally, the park has the richest biological zone in the Northeast.
Park remains closed for three months during monsoon season and opens for visitors from 16th September to 15th June. But, the best time to visit the park between the months of October to April.
Nokrek National Park
The Nokrek National Park is located in the East Garo Hills of Meghalaya and it is also a Biosphere Reserve known as Nokrek Biosphere Reserve.
The total area of the park covered is 47.48 sq.km and it was declared as the National Park in 1986. Later in the year 2009, it was added as the Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. Moreover, it is a hotspot of biodiversity in Meghalaya.
The best time to visit the national park is from the months of October to May.
North Button Island National Park
North Button National park is located in the Andaman district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was declared as a National Park in 1987 and it covers the area of about 0.44 square Kilometers.
The forest area of the national park is a home for various species of plants, trees, birds and wild animals. Also, it is the home to many different creatures like Dugong and the dolphin.
The park is open for the tourists throughout the year, but the best time to visit here is between December to March.
Ntangki National Park
Ntangki (Intanki) National Park is situated in the Peren district of Nagaland and it was declared as a national park in the year 1993. The park is spread in an area of 202.02 sq.km.
In 2005, the park was declared as the elephant reserve by the government and it is one of the finest wildlife protected areas of Nagaland.
The thick rain forests make the park a perfect habitat for all types of mammals, birds, reptiles as well as insects.
The best time to explore the national park is between November to February.
Orang National Park
It is located in the Darrang and Sonitpur district of Assam and situated in the north bank of the River Brahmaputra. It is also known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park and Mini Kaziranga.
The total area of the park is about 78.81 sq km. The Orang was declared initially as a Game reserve in 1915 and in 1985 as a Wildlife Sanctuary. Later, in 1992, it renamed as the Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and officially in 1999 the Orang was declared as the National Park or Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
To explore this national park the best time is from November to April.
Pambadum Shola National Park
Pambadum Shola National Park is located in Idukki district of Kerala along with the Western Ghats and it is the smallest national park in Kerala with the total area of 1.32 sq km.
The park is the part of the Annamalai sub-cluster and also been nominated under UNESCO world heritage site. Whereas the park is declared as the national park in 2003.
Best time to visit the Pambadum Shola National Park is between November to April.
Panna National Park
Located in Panna and Chattarpur district of Madhya Pradesh, the national park is spread in the area of 542.67 sq. km. It is the 22nd Tiger Reserve in India.
It was honoured with Award of Excellence in 2007 by the Ministry of Tourism of India, for being the best maintained national park of India.
You can find the tiger, leopard, chital, chinkara, nilgai, sambhar and sloth bear in this national park.
The decline in Tiger population has always been reported in Panna National Park.
Papikonda National Park
Papdikonda National Park is situated in the East and West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh along with Khammam district of Telangana. The total area of the park is about 1012.86 sq km. In the year 1978,
It was declared as the Wildlife Sanctuary and in 2008 is covered under the list of National Park. The Papikonda National Park lies on the left and right banks of the Godavari river and cuts the hill ranges of Papdikonda of Eastern Ghats.
The best time to visit the national park is between October to May.
Pench National Park
Located in the southern part of the Satpura range, the park is divided by river Pench into nearly two equal parts. Pench National Park, comprises 758 sq km, out of which core area is 299 sq km and remaining 464 sq km is the buffer area.
The park is compared to the thrill we used to get while watching the fight of Mowgli and Sher Khan, as Jungle Book is all about this place.
The park was honored with the title of the “Best Management Award” in 2011. This tiger reserve has the highest density of herbivores in India.
Periyar National Park
A National Park and a Wildlife Sanctuary, this national park is located near Thekkady, Kerala. It is an elephant and a tiger reserve.
The park covers around 357 square miles of land.
Periyar National Park has 35 species of mammals, 24 Bengal tigers, 45 species of reptiles, more than 160 butterfly and about 266 species of birds.
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is situated in Lawngtlai district of Mizoram and it is also known as Phawngpui National Park.
In 1992 it was declared as the National Park and the total area covered about 50 Km2, it spread on the entire mountain along with the reserve forest that surrounds it.
The Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park is well known for its exotic species of flora and fauna. Also, the orchids and rhododendrons spread within the valleys that surround on all sides.
The best time to explore this beautiful national park is between November to April.
Pin Valley National Park
Located in the state of Himachal Pradesh, the Park covers an area of 675 sq. km.
Pin Valley National Park is a high altitude national park (3,300 – 6,632 m above sea level), you can find Woolly hare, Tibetan gazzle, Ibex, Bharal, Fox, Wolf, and Snow leopard etc.
The Park was established in 1987, it marks the border between the districts of Lahaul and Spiti.
Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park is the national park situated in Dehradun, Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar of Uttarakhand.this park is also stated as the Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
It declared as the national park in the year 1983 by the amalgamation of the 3 sanctuary – Rajaji, Mtichur and Chilla Sanctuary.
The total is covered by the national park is about 820 Kilometers square.
Mid- November to Mid – June is advised the best time to visit the Rajaji National Park.
Rajbari (Bison) National Park
Covers the area of 31.63 square kilometres, the national park is situated in Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary of Tripura.
You can spot the endangered species of Indian Bison here. With the building of the National Park, this species got protected and the rise in the population could be noticed.
The best time to visit the Bison National Park is from October to March.
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
The Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is the park located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which was discovered in 1996 and covered the area of about 256.14 sq km.
The main attraction of the park is the fruit-eating bat that plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance of the park as a pollinator and seed disperser.
The Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is opened for tourism throughout the year, but the best time to visit this park is from December to March.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is one of the biggest and the most renowned national park in Northern India, located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan.
This Tiger Reserve is spread over an area approx 1410.64 sq.km including both core and buffer area.
It is the best place to see Royal Bengal Tiger in dry deciduous natural habitat.
According to the 2008 census, there were 34 adult tigers in the National Park, from which there are more than 14 cubs.
Other animals found here are Sambar, Indian leopard, nilgai, wild boar, striped hyena, sloth bear, southern plains grey langur, rhesus macaque, mugger crocodile.
Saddle Peak National Park
It is a beautiful national park, which is located in the Andaman district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The park was known as the national park in the year 1987 and the total area covered by the park is about 32.54 sq km.
The park was named after the highest point of the North Andaman Island – Saddle Peak.
It is well known for the home for some most endangered species of plants and animals, whereas the vegetation found here are unique and rare.
The Saddle Peak National Park is open for the tourists all days of the year, the advised best time to visit is from November to March.
Salim Ali National Park
The Salim Ali National Park is located in the Srinagar district of Jammu and Kashmir and it is also known as the city Forest National Park.
The park covers the total area about 9 sq. km. and declared in the year 1986 as Salim Ali National Park.
The main flora that found in the national park are the mangroves shrubberies which is actually like a haven for the bird watcher and tourists.
The advised time to visit the national park from April to November.
Sanjay Dubri National Park
Sanjay Dubri National Park is located in Sidhi district, Madhya Pradesh, it is the part of the Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve and was declared as the national park in 1981. About 466.88 sq.km area is covered by the park.
The park comprises one of the well-known wildlife destinations and nature lover from other parts of the country love to visit the park. It is also known for its varied flora and fauna where most of them are endangered and rare species of it.
Park is open the entire year for visitors, but months from November to June are considered as the best time to visit the national park.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is also known as Borivali National Park. It is located in Mumbai and considered as one of the major national park existing in within a city limits.
The park is spread in around 87 sq km.
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan, it is both Tiger Reserve and National Park.
The park is well nestled in the Aravali Hills covering the area of 866 sq km. It was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and attained the status of a National Park in 1979.
In 2003, 16 tigers lived in the reserve. Apart from Tiger, a variety of other wild animals like the leopard, sambhar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope etc. are found in the Sariska Tiger Reserve.
The Park circles the ‘Jai Samand Lake’ and ‘Siliserh Lake’, which are home to various crocodiles, water snakes and different creatures of land and Water.
Satpura National Park
Covered in an area of 524 sq. km, Satpura national park is situated in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
The Satpura is derived from Sanskrit, which simply means Seven-hills.
In 2000, along with adjoining Pachmarhi & Bori Sanctuaries, It was given the name Satpura Tiger Reserve, which is spread over an area of 1427 sq. km.
The park is rich in Bio-Diversity, you can find animals like leopard, sambar, chital, barking deer, nilgai, four-horned antelope, Chinkara, wild boar, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine etc.
Silent Valley National Park
Located in the Palakkad district of Kerala and in Nilgiri hills, the Silent Valley National Park is locally known a Sairandhrivanam. Considered in 1984 as the Silent Valley National Park and consists the buffer zone about 148 Sq Km. Whereas, the total area covered by the park is about 237.52 Sq Km.
The Silent Valley National Park is the last undisturbed regions of South Western Ghats mountain rain forest and tropical evergreen forest in India.
Month of September to March is considered to be the best time to explore the park.
Simbalbara National Park
The most attractive tourist place, the Simbalbara National Park is located in the Ponta Valley in Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh. In 1958, it established as the wildlife reserve and then in 1974 it re-establish as the wildlife sanctuary. Later in 2010, it is categorized as the Simbalbara National Park.
The total area of the Park is about 27.88 Sq Km and has a peaceful, isolated wildlife holiday perched in the lower reaches of the Shivalik hill ranges. The park is well known for its rare and diverse wildlife along with its unique bird species as well.
April to November would is the best time to visit the Simbalbara National Park.
Sirohi National Park
Sirohi National Park is located in the Manipur and was established in 1982. The total is of the park covered is about 41.3 Sq Km.
It is the home to many rare and unique flora and fauna, especially Shirui Lily (Lilium Maclineae).
Additionally, the main peak of the Shirui surrounds with flowers during the monsoon season which makes a picturesque landscape.
Simlipal National Park
This park is situated in the Mayurbhanj, Odisha and it is also a Tiger Reserve. Being a part of the Similipal-Kuldiha-Hadgarh Elephant Reserve that includes 3 protected area – Similpal Tiger Reserve,
Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary.
It was declared as the national park in 1980 and the total area of the park is 845.70 Sq Km.
The park derives its name because of the large quantity of Semul or red silk, cotton trees that bloom in the region. Since 2009, it is the part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserve.
Best time to visit the park is between November to May.
Singalila National Park
Located in Darjeeling, West Bengal and was declared as Singalila National Park in 1986. It covers the area about 78.60 square Kilometers. The Singalila National Park is home to an exotic red panda and the Himalayan black bear. Whereas, it also comprised of the different species of the Orchids.
November to May would be the best time to explore this national park.
South Button Island National Park
This Park is situated in Andaman and Nicobar islands and was declared as a national park in 1987. It covers the area about 0.03 sq km. The park is the part of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park. It is famous for its shallow water coral reefs with high visibility and scuba diving.
December to April is considered to be the best time to visit the South button Island National Park.
Sri Venkateswara National Park
Sri Venkateswara National Park is situated in the Chittoor and Cuddapah, Andhra Pradesh and came into existence in 1989 but officially declared as National Park in 1998.
The Park covers the area about 353.62 sq km. The vegetation in the park comprises of dry deciduous mixed forests with patches of moist deciduous forest valleys.
November to February would be the best time to visit the park.
Sultanpur National Park
Sultanpur National Park is situated in Gurgaon, Haryana and is also known as the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary. In 1971, it was considered as the Bird Sanctuary and in 1991 it was declared as the National Park. The total area of the park is about 1.43 sq km. It is the paradise for bird watchers and the park is famous for its migratory birds start arriving in September.
The period between October to March is the best time to visit the park.
Sundarbans National Park
A Tiger reserve, a National Park and a Biosphere reserve, Sundarbans is located in West Bengal, India. It covers an area of approximately 10,000 square kilometres with a buffer zone of 885 square kilometres.
The park is the kingdom of the famous Royal Bengal Tigers. Sundarban got its name from one of the mangrove plants known as Sundari.
Other animals we can find here are Indian Grey Mongoose, Leopard Cats, Ridley Sea Turtle, Wild Boar, Jungle Cat, Fox, Flying Fox, Fishing Cats, Chital, Pangolin etc.
Travelling to this place of incredible natural beauty and mangrove habitat will surely bring you closer to nature.
Tadoba National Park
Situated in Maharashtra state, it is the largest and the oldest National Park also known as “Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve“.
An area covered by the Reserve is 1727 sq.km. There are about 43 Royal Bengal Tigers in this national park, which is the highest in India.
There is a good chance to locate shy Sloth Bear, Dhole, Striped Hyena, Barking Deer, Chital, Marsh Crocodile, Indian Python, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cats, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Indian Cobra, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, Peacock, Jewel Beetles and Wild Dogs in the park.
It is divided into three separate forest ranges, i.e. Kolsa south range, Tadoba north range, and Morhurli range.
Valley of Flowers National Park
It is a beautiful place situated in the Choli, Uttarakhand, the Valley of Flowers National Park is the 2nd core zone of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserves.
It was established in the 1982 and the total area of the park is about 87.50 sq. km.
The park is also confirmed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and then notified as the Biosphere Reserves in 2004 by UNESCO.
July to August would be the best time to explore the Valley of Flower which make a pleasant picturesque landscape.
Valmiki National Park
Valmiki National Park is located in the West Champaran, Bihar and situated in the Gangetic Plains biogeographic zone of the country.
The park was declared as the Wildlife sanctuary in 1978 and in the year 1990, it was confirmed as the National Park.
The total area of the park is 335.65 sq km, whereas, It is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country.
Explore the park between the months from November to March, which is considered as the best time to visit.
Vansda National Park
Vansda National Park is situated in the Navsari District of Gujrat.
It was declared a national park in 1979 and the total area covered by the park is about 23.99 sq km.
It is maintained by the government of Gujrat and is a protected area of the state.
November to May would be the best time to explore this national park.
Van Vihar National Park
Van Vihar National Park is situated in Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh. It is developed and managed as the modern zoological park by the Forest Department of Madhya Pradesh.
It was declared as the National Park in 1979 and covers an area of about 4.45 sq. km.
July to September would be the best time to visit the Van Vihar.