Royal Bengal Tiger – Facts & information about Royal Bengal Tigers

Royal Bengal Tiger
Royal Bengal Tiger at Tadoba National Park, img cerdits

Royal Bengal Tiger, the largest, fiercest and the powerful member of the Big Cat family in India.

Royal Bengal Tigers also know as Indian Tiger and Bengal Tiger and constitutes a large population of the tiger family in the world. It is the National animal of India and is found mostly in India, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma.

Biological name of this Big Cat is Panthera Tigris, which comes under Felidae family under Mammalia category.

Royal Bengal Tiger Classification

FamilyFelidae
Sub-FamilyPantherinae
GeneraPanthera Tigris
Common NameRoyal Bengal Tiger / Indian Tiger

Physical Description of Royal Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger Facts
Royal Bengal Tiger

No two Bengal tigers look alike! Every Bengal Tigers has a unique stripe pattern. We may have seen many tigers in our life, but no two tigers have similar strip patterns. Every tiger on earth has a distinct striped pattern which makes them different from other tigers and makes it easy in counting them during tiger census.

Their color ranges from yellow to light orange, with stripes from dark brown to black. Some of the Bengal Tigers are white in color, You can find a White Bengal Tiger in Bandhavgarh National Park.

The tail is orange in color with black rings. Unlike the other white tigers that have blue eyes, Bengal tigers have yellow irises.

Royal Bengal Tiger physical characteristics

Awesome facts about Bengal Tiger
Royal Bengal Tiger
  • Life Span- They lives for 10 to 15 years.
  • Average Body Weight- Male Bengal Tigers weigh around 225 kg whereas Females Bengal Tigers weigh around 135 kg.
  • Height- On an average Male Bengal Tiger measures around 9 feet in length and Female Bengal Tiger measures around 8 feet in length.
  • Teeth- They have exceptionally strong teeth, with length from 7.5 to 10 cm.
  • Tail- Their tail length is between 33 to 43 inches long.

What do Bengal Tigers eat?

So what is Bengal Tiger’s diet? As we all know the basic nature of tigers are Carnivores, They mainly survive on mammals and animals like Deer, Antelope, Wild Boar, Guars etc.

Tigers can eat up to 40 kg of meat in one go. They have expertise in hunting and They are born killers. They apply a strategy to catch the prey and take the life out of them instantly.

Tigers mostly hunt during night time. They are very dedicated for their prey; Royal Bengal Tigers can climb trees for their prey even though they are not good climbers of the tree. They are very powerful and can drag a ton weighted bison by themselves.

The behaviour of Royal Bengal Tiger

Bengal Tiger Behavior
Bengal Tiger Aggression – img credits: Kushal Guttedar

Being fierce in nature, Royal Bengal Tigers are not much friendly in nature and lives a solitary life, except in winters when they can be seen in a group of 3 or 4.

Bengal tigers are fast runners and good swimmers.

Tigers attack their prey in a stealth mode.

They are usually spotted in swamps, mangroves, and grasslands.

Generally, they do not wait for a particular season for mating but during winters mating rate is high.

Royal Bengal Tiger delivers a litter of 4-5 cubs and their gestation period is of 3 months.

Royal Bengal Tigers have very sharp memories, they never forget the faces. Their memory is sharper than humans and other animals. These tigers never roar, while fighting with other tigers they hiss and fluff.

Interesting Facts about Royal Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger appearance
A Royal Bengal Tiger. img credits@ Sachin Rai

Below are some the amazing Bengal Tiger facts

  1. Royal Bengal Tiger’s saliva has an antiseptic property that is when they get injured, they lick themselves which heals the wound. This also stops the bleeding.
  2. They are very protective and caring for their family and litters.
  3. They can run up to the speed of 60 km/h
  4. To mark their area of terrain, they spray the rocks and trees nearby to it with a mixture of urine and musk.
  5. Tigers are nocturnal. Most of the prey that a tiger approach is at night time.
  6. Bengal Tigers are an ambush hunters
  7. Tiger’s Roar can be heard miles away.
  8. Bengal Tigers are good swimmers as well.
  9. Royal Bengal Tigers have the biggest canine of all the big cats. Bengal Tiger canine can measure up to 4 inches.
Tiger Marking Territory
A Royal Bengal Tiger marking his territory by urine spray on a tree, img credits

Less known facts about Royal Bengal Tiger

  1. Bengal Tigers never roam in a group like Lions
  2. Every Tiger has a white spot at the back of their ears, It usually seems like eyes from the back, to an attacker.
  3. Both the rear legs of a Tiger is slightly longer than the front legs. Because of that, a tiger is abe to jump almost 20-30 ft ahead.
  4. Tigers vision are many times better than humans and that makes them a super hunter at night time.
  5. A newborn Bengal Tiger cub opens their eyes in 10-12 Days and completely rely on her mother during this period. And they do not have a full vision for a few weeks sometime.
  6. Only 50% of tiger cubs survive and make it to adulthood.
  7. A tiger’s tail helps them a lot in taking sharp turns while chasing their prey.
  8. Only 10-15% of the chase a Royal Bengal Tiger make, turns into a kill.
  9. Not only the fur, but the Tigers have stripes on their skins as well. Tigers are the only animals with a completely stripped body.
Tiger Ambush
Tiger Ambush, img credits: Ramachandiran G

Royal Bengal Tiger Population in India

We can find the largest population of Royal Bengal Tigers in India. As per the latest tiger census report 2019, there are 2,967 Royal Bengal tigers in India. India has more than 75% of the total tiger population in the world.

Along with India, neighbouring countries to India holds a somewhat decent population of Royal Bengal Tiger in the world.

Royal Bengal Tiger population in Bangladesh: 440

Royal Bengal Tiger population in Nepal: 235

Royal Bengal Tiger population in Bhutan: 100

Tiger Census 2018 (2019)

To know about the latest tiger population is always government’s concern as they want to save this majestic animal from getting extinct.

For Tiger Census 2018, they are using more technologies to be precise about the population of Tigers left. In 2014, the population of tigers was estimated to be 2,226, which was a hike from 2010 and a cherishing moment for India.

For 2018 census, the government has made planning which is worth Rs.10 crore, which will involve 40,000 forest guards, 26,000 camera traps and travelling 18 states of India with Tiger population.

This census will also include the northeast part of India, which did not get any accountability in the previous census. The results will be announced in 2019.

Tiger Census Result

The result of later Tiger Census is out now and India has 2,967 Tigers in the country which is around 33% more than that of the 2014 census and more than double from 2006 Tiger Census.

Threats to the Royal Bengal Tiger

India has lost 97% of its Royal Bengal Tiger population in the last century. The main reason is Hunting, Poaching, Urbanization, Habitat loss and Illegal wildlife Trade.

Poaching and Illegal Tiger Hunting

Tiger Poaching
Tiger Poaching is one of the biggest threat, img credits

These majestic Royal Bengal Tigers need to be protected from getting extinct. Over the years, their numbers have decreased dramatically.

These majestic Royal Bengal Tigers need to be protected from getting extinct. Over the years, their numbers have decreased dramatically.

Poaching means to illegally trade the tiger made products like tiger skin, tiger made jewellery etc. These skin and jewellery are sold for millions in the international market.

Poaching has reduced the number of tigers to just 3,000 from 1, 00,000 in the starting of the 20th century.

Threats from the Human Population

As the human population is increasing, it is becoming a threat to wildlife. As for the living, the humans cut down the trees and the forest area is reducing.

Much of the tiger habitat area is occupied by humans and converted into agricultural lands, dams, for making houses etc. which exposes the Tiger. Due to which, they are found wandering alone in search of their habitats which ultimately leads to inbreeding reducing genetic diversity.

Also, we have seen many Human-Animal conflicts in which many of the Big Cats have to pay the ultimate price.

Save Tiger Initiative / Save Big Cats Initiative

In 1973, Project Tiger was launched in India with an aim to protect this endangered species. The project aims to provide the Royal Bengal tigers with their natural habitats and protecting them from the hunters and getting extinct.

The government also started warning the common people about the extinction via advertisement “Only 1411 left” as Royal Bengal tigers are the most glorifying species of our country. Celebrities like Amitabh Bachchan, MS Dhoni joined the initiative and promoted it.

With the continuous efforts of Government, now there are 50 Project Tiger Wildlife reserves in India, covering an area of more than 70,000 sq km.

Apart from the government, it is our duty also to Save these Endangered Big Cat species for the next generation.

Where to see Royal Bengal Tiger in India

Royal Bengal Tigers like Tropical rain forests, Marshes, and Tall grasses. A few of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, below are some of the Bengal tiger habitats in India.

  • Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
  • Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
  • Sunderban National Park, West Bengal
  • Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan
  • Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal
  • Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra
  • Pench National Park, Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh

Best time to see Royal Bengal Tigers

The Best time to visit any National Park is in the winters from October to March. But, if you want to visit to spot a Royal Bengal Tiger, the best time is from April to June, as during this time the summer approaches and the Tigers can be seen near any water body or Pond or Lake.

Where does Royal Bengal Tiger live?

Royal Bengal Tiger lives mostly in the dense forest of India, Bangladesh, Nepal. Together, these countries have more than 80% of world’s Tiger Population.

How many Royal Bengal Tigers are there in India?

India has a population of 2967 Bengal Tiger which is approximately 75% of the world’s tiger population.

Where does Tiger live in India?

India has 50 Tiger Reserves where a majority of the Bengal Tiger resides.

What is the Bengal Tiger’s diet?

Royal Bengal Tiger mostly relies on mammals like deer, gaur, wild boar etc. However, In Sunderbans, Tigers mostly rely on Fishes.

Can a Bengal Tiger climb a tree?

Not really, but sometimes it is seen that they have climbed a tree up to a certain height. But they are not good tree climbers.

Can Royal Bengal Tiger swim?

Royal Bengal Tigers are a good swimmer. They can swim several kilometres continuously if required.

Are Royal Bengal Tiger endangered?

Yes, Bengal Tigers are endangered. Poaching and Deforestation are the major threats to them.

2 Comments

  1. The Royal Bengal Tiger is such a beautiful creature. It would a real shame if they were to disappear . Tiger seem to know that they are special.

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