Tiger Census 2018 – Big Cats India

Tiger Census in India
Royal Bengal Tiger in India

Every 4 year the National Tiger Conservation Authority conducts a tiger census across India. So 2018 is the year for tiger census in India again.

As the fourth all-India Tiger census goes digital with an Android app and almost 1.5 Times camera trap then in 2014 let’s hope to reach near 3000 marks As compared to 2226 tigers back in the year 2014.

How they do Tiger Census or How to they count Tigers in the forest?

So far the census was conducted using the doubling sample technique in which the first phase includes sending the forest official, guards and forest rangers to collect raw data based on pugmarks, scat, and leftover pray.

While the 2nd phase includes the data and images from camera traps. Once both the data is in place, the data is then used to identify tigers individually

tiger census 2018
Tiger Census 2018

Use of technology and digital techniques in recent tiger census 2018

With the new Digital Tiger census technique the doubling sample technique will remain the same. Along with it, an Android application is been introduced to make the tier count more accurate.

It will be the first time since 2006, The forest officials are making use of so much Technology. Back in 2006 During the first Tiger census, there were only 1411  tigers counted adding another 295 to make the count to 1706 Tigers in 2010 and 2226 Tigers in 2014.

However, there was 560 Tiger death have been reported between 2012 & 2017 Out of which 308 were a natural death, 123  were the poaching cases, 90 were the case of seizures, And 39 death was the part of road and train mishaps.

2018 tiger census in India is also more important because we will be having a most accurate count of tigers in the wild as this will be the first time Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal are the part of India’s Tiger census to jointly estimate the number of big cats In the region of shared borders areas.

Some important facts from Tiger Census 2014

  • India is the home to almost 70% of the world’s tiger population.
  • A total of 2226 tigers were estimated as per 2014 tiger census report
  • Karnataka becomes the state with the most number of tigers in India. Total tiger count in Karnataka was 408 as per the report.

Recent updates of Tiger Census 2018

  1. Karnataka may surpass their own tiger count of 406 from 2014 tiger census.
  2. Season II of tiger counting will start in Sunderbans post monsoon.
  3. Royal Bengal Tigers have been spotted in a new location in Odisha, Hemagiri forest Sundargarh, Munigada in Rayagada district and Debrigad Wildlife Sanctuary in Hirakud is the new location where Royal Bengal Tiger has been spotted during 2018 Tiger Census
  4. Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh is another high altitude home to Royal Bengal Tiger. Camera Trap has revealed that this highest range in the eastern Himalayas has a promising tiger count.
  5. Madhya Pradesh may get back their status of “Tiger State” as sources have reported the presence of over 400 Royal Bengal Tiger in the state.
  6. The result of the latest Tiger Census may get delayed and expected to be disclosed in April – May 2019.
  7. Whereas we are looking to cross 3000 tiger mark in the latest Tiger Census, there is a piece of shocking news from one of the oldest tiger reserve of the country. Palamau Tiger Reserve, which is one of the Nine Tiger Reserve declared in 1973 has not seen evidence of the Big Cat presence in the reserve since 2016.
  8. Bhadra Tiger Reserve tiger population rise from 6 in the year 2000 to 40 in 2018.
  9. Result of Tiger census 2018 may get further delayed and can be out around June 2019 after the formation of the new government.” officials said”
Royal Bengal Tiger at Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park – Img Credit @Mayur Desale

How many tigers are left in the world?

No body can tell the exact number of tigers left in the world. But, as per the
census held in different parts of the world in the recent years, there are approximately 3890 Tigers left in the world. Out of these 3890, a healthy population of Royal Bengal Tigers lives in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and a few other Asian counties.

How many Royal Bengal Tigers are left in India?

As per the Tiger Census held in 2014, there are approximately 2226 Tigers in India. India hosts approximately 70% of the total tiger population of the world.

State wise Tiger Population chart of India

There are 19 states who host these beautiful big cats in India. Below is the state-wise tiger population of India as per 2014 Tiger Census

The states of India hosting Tigers in the wildTiger Population
Uttarakhand340
Uttar Pradesh117
Bihar28
Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana)68
Chhattisgarh46
Madhya Pradesh308
Maharashtra190
Odisha28
Rajasthan45
Jharkhand3
Karnataka406
Kerala136
Tamil Nadu229
Goa5
Assam167
Arunachal Pradesh28
Mizoram3
West Bengal79

How many tiger reserves are there in India ?

There are 50 Tiger Reserves in India. The oldest tiger reserve is Corbett Tiger Reserve which was declared in the year 1973 under ‘Project Tiger‘, Whereas Kamlang Tiger Reserve is the newest Tiger Reserve of India declared in the year 2018.

Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve
Image Credit @Vasudev H Masarakall

Download the complete list of Tiger Reserve in PDF format

DOWNLOAD the complete list of Tiger Reserves in PDF format with the core area, buffer area and total area updated till 2019.

Which state of India has the maximum number of Tigers?

The maximum number of tigers are in Karnataka, followed by Uttarakhand. As per the last tiger census, Karnataka has 406 tigers.

Which state has the maximum number of Tiger Reserves in India?

Madhya Pradesh is the state with the maximum number of Tiger Reserves in India. There are 6 tiger reserves in Madhya Pradesh.

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