Tiger Census 2018 Report – Tiger Population in India 2019

Tiger Census in India
Royal Bengal Tiger in India

India got its latest tiger census result on International Tiger Day 2019, It was a much-awaited Tiger Census report as it was getting delayed since January this year. Finally on 29 July 2019, PM Narendra Modi has announced the result of Tiger Census 2018 to disclose the Tiger Population in India.

TIGER CENSUS RESULT (2018)

On 29th July 2019, International Tiger Day, PM Narendra Modi has declared the result of Tiger Census 2018. India is now officially one of the biggest and safest habitats of Royal Bengal Tiger.

The Total population of Royal Bengal Tiger in India is 2967 as per the Tiger Census 2018, which is more than double of 2006 Tiger Census.

The top Tiger States of India (by Tiger population)

Following the result of Tiger Census 2018, Madhya Pradesh became the new Tiger Capital or Tiger State of India with 526 Royal Bengal Tigers. Check the top 3 Tiger States of India below.

StateTiger Population in the State
Madhya Pradesh526
Karnataka524
Uttrakhand442

Madhya Pradesh became the Tiger state of India with 526 Tigers whereas Karnataka, who was holding the Tiger State salutation since 2010 slipped to the second position with 524 Royal Bengal Tiger population.

Information on Tiger landscapes in India

Since the Tigers are present in the wide expanse of India, It was necessary to distribute the geographical limits and hence The tiger habitats were divided into 5 landscapes.

  • Shivalik Gangetic Plains
  • Central India and the Eastern Ghats
  • Western Ghats
  • North Eastern Hills and Brahmaputra Flood Plains
  • Sunderbans

All of these 5 Tiger Landscapes were analysed separately to get the most accurate tiger population spread across India and various techniques were used to achieve the results.

Facts and Information from The Tiger Census 2018 Result

  1. More than 3,81,000 sq km of forest area was surveyed
  2. Forest rangers have done a survey of more than 5,00,000 km on Foot
  3. There were 26,838 Camara Trap that was deployed in 141 locations
  4. Approximately 3.5 Cr wildlife photographs were captured by these camera traps.
  5. 2,461 Individual Tigers camera trapped
  6. 2,591 Tigers estimated through capture-mark-recapture
  7. The total population of Tiger is 2,967 estimated during 2018 Tiger Census

Check our detail post on Bengal Tiger about the exhaustive information and facts about Royal Bengal Tiger

Tiger Census Facts [Infographics]

Tiger Census 2018 Facts
Facts and figures of Tiger Census 2018 & Tiger Population

Tiger Population in India

India is now home to almost 3000 Tigers, 2967 to be specific. It was more than the double from the 2006 Census which was the first tiger census of India. There are 5 Tiger Landscapes in India, 50 Tiger Reserves and 21 states in India with Tigers present in the wild.

Tiger Landscape wise Tiger Population in India (Comparision chart)

Landscape2006
Census
2010
Census
2014
Census
2018
Census
Shivalik Gangetic297353485646
Central India and the Eastern Ghats6016016881,033
Western Ghats402534776981
North East Hills &
Bramhaputra Plains
100148201219
SunderbansNA707688
Total Tiger Population in India1,4111,7062,2262,967

Statewise Tiger Population in India (Comparision chart)

State2006
Census
2010
Census
2014
Census
2018
Census
Bihar1082831
Uttrakhand178227340442
Uttar Pradesh109118117173
Andhra Pradesh95726848
Telangana26
Chhattisgarh26264619
Jharkhand1035
Madhya Pradesh300257308526
Maharashtra103168190312
Odisha45322828
Rajasthan32364569
Goa53
Karnataka290300406524
Kerala4671136190
Tamil Nadu76163229264
Arunachal
Pradesh
142829
Assam70143167190
Mizoram6530
Nagaland
Northen WB1030
Sunderbans707688

States with maximum Tiger Population Growth or Increase (since 2006)

StateTiger PopulationIncrease in Tiger Population
Kerala190313 %
Tamil Nadu264247 %
Bihar10210 %

States with a maximum tiger population decrease (since 2006)

StateTiger PopulationDecrease in Tiger Population
Mizoram0100 %
Odisha2838 %
Chhattisgarh1927 %

Tiger Population facts from the latest census report

  1. Total Population of Royal Bengal Tiger in India is 2,967
  2. There are 4 States (M.P., Karnataka, Uttrakhand & Maharashtra) with more than 300 Tigers
  3. There are 4 States (Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, U.P.) with more than 150 Tigers.
  4. Total 8 States with more than 100% Increase in Tiger Population as compared to 2006.
  5. Madhya Pradesh has become the Tiger State of India.
  6. Buxa, Dampa and Palamau Tiger Reserves do not have a single Tigers now.
  7. No Tigers were found in Mizoram state.
  8. Pench National Park in Madhya Pradesh and Periyar National Park in Kerala are the top-rated Tiger Reserves in India.

Tiger Census 2018, Everything about tiger census in India

Every 4 year the National Tiger Conservation Authority conducts a tiger census across India to figure out the Royal Bengal Tiger population in India. So 2018 is the year for Tiger Census in India again.

As the fourth all-India Tiger census goes digital with an Android app and almost 1.5 Times camera trap then in 2014 let’s hope to reach near 3000 marks As compared to 2226 tigers back in the year 2014.

How they do Tiger Census or How to they Count Tigers in the forest?

So far the tiger census was conducted using the doubling sample technique in which the first phase includes sending the forest official, guards and forest rangers to collect raw data based on pugmarks, scat, and leftover pray.

While the 2nd phase includes the data and images from camera traps. Once both the data is in place, the data is then used to identify tigers individually

tiger census 2018
Tiger Census 2018

Use of technology and digital techniques in recent Tiger Census 2018

With the new Digital Tiger census technique the doubling sample technique will remain the same. Along with it, an Android application is been introduced to make the tier count more accurate.

It will be the first time since 2006, The forest officials are making use of so much technology. Back in 2006 During the first census, there were only 1411  tigers counted adding another 295 to make the count to 1706 Tigers in 2010 and 2226 Tigers in 2014.

However, there was 560 Tiger death have been reported between 2012 & 2017 Out of which 308 were a natural death, 123  were the poaching cases, 90 were the case of seizures, And 39 death was the part of road and train mishaps.

2018 tiger census in India is also more important because we will be having a most accurate count of tigers in the wild as this will be the first time Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal are the part of India’s Tiger census to jointly estimate the number of big cats In the region of shared borders areas.

Some important facts from Tiger Census 2014

  • India is the home to almost 70% of the world’s tiger population.
  • A total of 2226 tigers were estimated as per 2014 tiger census report
  • Karnataka becomes the state with the most number of tigers in India. Total tiger count in Karnataka was 408 as per the report.

Recent updates of Tiger Census 2018 (2019)

  1. Karnataka may surpass their own tiger count of 406 from 2014 census.
  2. Season II of tiger counting will start in Sunderbans post-monsoon.
  3. Royal Bengal Tigers have been spotted in a new location in Odisha, Hemagiri forest Sundargarh, Munigada in Rayagada district and Debrigad Wildlife Sanctuary in Hirakud is the new location where Royal Bengal Tiger has been spotted during 2018 Census
  4. Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh is another high altitude home to Royal Bengal Tiger. Camera Trap has revealed that this highest range in the eastern Himalayas has a promising tiger count.
  5. Madhya Pradesh may get back their status of “Tiger State” as sources have reported the presence of over 400 Royal Bengal Tiger in the state.
  6. The result of the latest Tiger Census may get delayed and expected to be disclosed in April – May 2019.
  7. Whereas we are looking to cross 3000 tiger mark in the latest Census.
  8. There is a piece of shocking news from one of the oldest tiger reserve of the country. Palamau Tiger Reserve, which is one of the Nine Tiger Reserve declared in 1973 has not seen evidence of the Big Cat presence in the reserve since 2016.
  9. Bhadra Tiger Reserve tiger population rise from 6 in the year 2000 to 40 in 2018.
  10. Result of Tiger census 2018 may get further delayed and can be out around June 2019 after the formation of the new government.” officials said”
  11. Tiger Census 2018 result may get declared on 27 July 2019 by PM Narendra Modi, as per the Ministry of Environment and Forest
  12. Finally, the much-awaited RESULT of TIGER CENSUS 2018 is out and with the tiger population almost double than the 2006 Tiger Census, India is the safest place for these Big Cats to live.
Royal Bengal Tiger at Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park – Img Credit @Mayur Desale
How many Bengal Tigers are left in the World?

Nobody can tell the exact number of tigers left in the world. But, as per the census held in different parts of the world in recent years, there are approximately 3890 Tigers left in the world. Out of these 3890, a healthy population of Royal Bengal Tigers lives in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and a few other Asian counties.

How many Royal Bengal Tigers are there in India?

As per the Tiger Census 2018 Result, there are approximately 2967 Tigers in India. India hosts approximately 75% of the total tiger population of the world.

State-wise Tiger Population in India (as per 2014 Census)

There are 18 states who host these beautiful big cats in India. Below is the state-wise tiger population of India as per 2018 Tiger Census Results

StatesTiger Population 2018
Uttarakhand442
Uttar Pradesh173
Bihar31
Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana)74
Chhattisgarh19
Madhya Pradesh526
Maharashtra312
Odisha28
Rajasthan69
Jharkhand5
Karnataka524
Kerala190
Tamil Nadu264
Goa3
Assam190
Arunachal Pradesh48
West Bengal88

How many Tiger Reserves are there in India?

There are 50 Tiger Reserves in India. The oldest tiger reserve is Corbett Tiger Reserve which was declared in the year 1973 under ‘Project Tiger‘, Whereas Kamlang Tiger Reserve is the newest Tiger Reserve of India declared in the year 2018.

Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve
Image Credit @Vasudev H Masarakall

Download the complete list of Tiger Reserve in India PDF format

DOWNLOAD the complete list of Tiger Reserves in India PDF format with the core area, buffer area and total area updated till 2019.

Which state has the maximum number of Tigers in India?

The maximum number of Tigers are in Madhya Pradesh, followed by Karnataka and Uttrakhand. As per the last tiger census 2018 Result, Madhya Pradesh has 526 Royal Bengal Tigers.

Which state has the maximum number of Tiger Reserves in India?

Madhya Pradesh is the state with the maximum number of Tiger Reserves in India. There are 6 tiger reserves in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Pench Tiger Reserve
  • Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve
  • Kanha Tiger Reserve
  • Satpura Tiger Reserve
  • Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve
  • Panna Tiger Reserve

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